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Succulents are perhaps one of the rarest houseplants to take care of. Although they’re odd-looking because of their thick and fleshy look, they make a perfect indoor houseplant collection.
One of the easiest ways to propagate your succulent plants is from the vegetative parts of the original plant – stems, leaves, or roots.
That’s why this method of plant reproduction is generally referred to as vegetative propagation or propagation from cuttings.
Vegetative propagation is essential in reproducing colour mutations, cristate and unusual forms, and cultivars propagation.
By vegetative propagation, we can obtain offspring identical to the parent plant.
You can propagate almost all succulents from cuttings, but you can damage the plant being propagated or ruin the potential growth unless you do it properly.
Read on to learn how to propagate succulents successfully and expand your collection.
When is the Ideal Time for Propagation?
Since the majority of succulents are winter-dormant, it is best to propagate them in the spring as that’s the period when they begin their active growth cycle. On the other hand, you can propagate summer-dormant succulents like haworthias and senecios in the autumn.
Necessary Conditions for Succulent Propagation
The proper environment is essential for successful succulent propagation. Although plants naturally propagate outside, it is much easier to do it indoors because you can control the environment. It should be warm, not hot, with filtered light, preferably by a window or in the shade.
Wear gloves and eye protection if you take cuttings from euphorbias since milky sap is caustic.
How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves?
In general, succulents with thick leaves attached to a stem will propagate from leaves, unlike Aloe, which does not have a branch. Some varieties with thin leaves can reproduce in this way as well, such as Kalanchoe marnieriana.
Besides, species like Sedum adolphi, Sedum morganianu, Sedum rubrotinctum, and Echeveria derenbergii are straightforward to propagate. You can start with those if you have never been born from the leaves before.
Below are the chronological steps on how to do it.
Remove the leaves.
While newer leaves are more likely to survive, your original plant will look funny, with a few leaves missing at the top. If you don’t want to make your plant a laughing stock among its leafy friends, you can take lower leaves, too.
Gently twist them off but avoid breaking them since broken leaves do not propagate well.
How to Care for the New Growth?
New succulent growth should not be exposed to bright, direct sunlight and heat since the leaves can become scarred, and the development can burn up and eventually die. However, provide plenty of airflows.
Creating a humid environment in a sealed mini greenhouse is preferable but not essential if you water your plants consistently.
Allow the new plants to adapt by gradually increasing their exposure to light. To conclude, you don’t need any special skills or tools to propagate your succulents successfully from stem cuttings. On the other hand, planting leaves have a lower success rate, and new growth can put out new roots, but never the plant.
If you are not sure which option of the two to go for, experiment with different varieties, and you will undoubtedly reach many conclusions.