Jade Plant Care

Table of Contents

Have you heard that Jade plants are well-known for attracting wealth and prosperity? The majority of Feng Shui experts recommend Jade as an excellent money plant.

In general, the most famous Feng Shui money tree has evergreen leaves that are round, heart-shaped, thick, and succulent in appearance. And the Jade plant meets all of that criteria!

Another reason is that the Jade plant emits beneficial “chi,” or positive energy. Interested to grow Jade plants? Read more below to find it out. Your good luck may just be one plant away!

Jade Plant Care Basics

jade plantThe Jade plant is known as one of the houseplants that are easy to grow and care for. But before we dive deep into this kind of succulent, we’ll provide you first with an overview.

Botanical Name: Crassula ovata

Plant type: Succulent

Exposure to sunlight: Direct sunlight every day for at least 4 hours

Soil type: Well-draining soil, Sandy and grit

Color: Blue/Green, with white-pink flowers

Water: Filtered or distilled water

Favorable temperatures: (65° to 75°F / 18° to 24°C)

Preferable Fertilizer: Organic Fertilizers

Propagation: Stem cutting

Toxicity Warning: Toxic to pets

Height: 3 to 8 feet

Origin: South Africa

Now that you have gained knowledge about the general care of Jade plants, don’t just stop here! We’ll now provide you with the best care tips on how to grow Jade plants properly. Enjoy!

Soil Requirement

Succulents, like Jade, require well-draining soil. It thrives in the sand and grit-rich rock gardens. The Jade plant is better anchored in somewhat heavier soil that contains more organic content. One part sterilized organic soil, sphagnum peat moss, and three parts coarse sand by volume can suffice. Such potting mix is best for growing jade.

They may also grow in acidic or alkaline soils. However, extremely low or high soil pH can cause nutritional deficits or toxicity. So make sure to give it just right.

Remember: Soil should be kept moist but not soggy especially during spring and summer where plants actively grow.

Water Requirement

Although the succulent appearance of Jade plants may lead you to believe that they require little water, this is not the case. Drought can induce dwarfing, foliage spotting, shaped leaves dropping, and even death! You can determine the plant’s watering requirements by touching it with your finger.

Check your plant weekly to see whether it needs more water. Always avoid spraying water directly in their leaves. This will expose your lovely plant to harmful fungi and the like. Jade plants grow more slowly in the winter, so they may not require as much watering.

Considering Jade plants are sensitive to salt, it’s recommended to use filtered or distilled water. This is to avoid the salts that may be present in tap water. When you’re done watering, dump any remaining water from the pot saucer. Root rot may occur if water is left in the saucer.

A helpful tip to remember: If blisters appear on the leaves, the plants are getting too much water. Thus, reduce the frequency and amount of watering.

Lighting Requirement

plant lighting requirement

Jade requires plenty of light (but not to the point that it can scorch its leaves) to bloom at its finest. It needs at least 4 hours each day in a South- or West-facing window. Young and adult Jade plants require different lighting conditions.

Young jade plants prefer soft or bright indirect light. On the other hand, larger plants demand more bright light. Although Jade plants are adaptable to various lighting situations, abrupt changes in lighting can impact their development and health.

It’s great to keep your Jade plants in a bright area, so you don’t have to worry about their light sources.

Note: To avoid harm from the cold, keep jade plants away from windows at night throughout the winter.

Temperature Requirement

Daylight temperatures of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18. 3 to 23.8 degrees celsius)  and night temperatures of 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 12.7 degrees Celcius) are ideal for Jade plants.

If your Jade is exposed to frost or cold temperatures for an extended period, it may become limp. Any part of the stem that has turned black or appears to be rotting should be cut back.

Humidity Requirement

The Jade plant’s plump, meaty trunk, stems, and leaves are trying to tell you something: they hold a lot of moisture. That’s why overwatering must be avoided at all costs. Jade plants should not be misted because they are succulents.

If we mist our Jade plant, the foliage will indeed become damp, resulting in fungal and pest problems. The stems and leaves eventually turn yellow as a result of this. They can die if kept in such settings for an extended time. The usual humidity level for Jade plants is 30-50%. It may, however, flourish in typical home humidity. 

Reminder: You can mist newborn Jade plants after you propagate them.

Fertilizer Requirement

Fertilize your Jade plant once every six months to ensure optimal care. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Remember to fertilize your Jade plant only when the soil is dry. Choosing the correct fertilizer for your jade plant is critical to refill the soil with needed nutrients and encourage new growth.

A 10:20:10 fertilizer is required for your Jade plant. This ratio indicates that your bag of fertilizer contains 10% phosphorus, 20% nitrogen, and 10% potassium, with the remaining 60% consisting of other nutrients.

For best growth and development, Jade plants, especially young ones, require a high amount of nitrogen. Mature plants prefer high nitrogen levels, but they can also flourish on a well-balanced diet.

Propagation

leaf cutting

Stem or leaf cuttings can be used to multiply Jade plants. You can detach each leaf and lay it over the potting soil. Moisten the leaves until they develop their own roots.

If you don’t have any patience, don’t use leaf cuttings because they take too long to grow. Go with stem cuttings instead. Remember that summer is the best time to propagate Jade plants.

Jade Plant Stem Propagation

Steps on how to produce Jade plants from stem cuttings:

  • Make a clean cut of the stem with a sterilized knife or scissors. Choose a portion with at least two nodes.
  • Leave only a few healthy leaves at the very top of the cutting after carefully plucking away the leaves from the bottom.
  • Allow the cutting to sit for three days in a warm, dry location.
  • You can directly root your Jade plant stem cutting in soil. Because succulents are so hardy, this method always succeeds. The only drawback is that you won’t keep track of your cutting’s progress in the roots until new leaf growth appears. But that doesn’t matter, as long as your plant stays alive.

Growth Zone

They are hardy in USDA zones 10-11. They prefer hot, arid weather. They’re also susceptible to rot and other fungal issues in damp environments. Broken or fallen branches of outdoor Jade plants will grow new roots in the right conditions. It will allow them to fill in as luxuriant hedges and borders and even form colonies!

Potting

potting

A Jade plant doesn’t bother having root bound in a small pot. In fact, keeping the Jade roots confined will keep them smaller and easier to manage. However, to foster growth, have 2 to 3 years before repotting it.

Pot Jade plants early in the spring, just before the growing season begins. After repotting, leave the plant indoors for a week or so without water. To avoid mistakenly burning new roots, wait as least a month before fertilizing.

Pruning

When pruning your Crassula ovata, the optimal season is in the spring or early summer. This is when the plant is actively growing. Drooping branches are an indication that your Jade Plant is getting too big and needs to be pruned.

Use sharp pruning shears or knives to prune it right above the brown rings around a stem, known as a leaf scar. Two new branches will develop at the pruning point. So, choose the stem where you want the Jade plant to be thicker and healthier. This kind of pruning is ideal for older jade plants that have become lanky.

Important Note: It’s preferable to wait until the plant is a year old before pruning it.

Jade Varieties and Similar Plants

The Jade plants belong to the genus of Crassula. There are plenty of them, and they come in a choice of colors and sizes. If you want to add these green-colored houseplants to your garden, we’ve narrowed your options. See below:

Crassula ovata ‘Little Jade Tree’ 

Lives up to its name, this tiny and compact cultivar grows up to 12-16 inches tall. It has oval-shaped green fleshy leaves with crimson borders.

Crassula ovata ‘Botany Bay’ 

This compact, bushy ovata cultivar was introduced in 2011. It produces red tints in the dry season. It has light green leaves that are meaty and feature red tips.

Crassula ovata ‘Harbor Lights’

In wintertime, the red tinges on the tips of the green plumped leaves become more prominent, making it more appealing. Its leaves are smaller than those of Crassula ovata.

Jade Diseases & Pests

Although growing Jade plants are easy and manageable, this plant also attracts sorts of insects and critters. Add this to your Jade plant care checklist: how to take care of pests and diseases.

Pest

mealy bugs plant pest

The mealybug is the most frequent Jade plant pest. At the joints where leaves and stems meet, mealybugs develop white, cottony patches.

Since Jade plants are sensitive to horticultural soaps and oils, mealybugs and other pests can be challenging to control. Insecticides can also be excessively severe on succulent foliage, leading the plant to suffer even more damage. Instead, Jade plants need to be cleaned with cotton balls dipped in rubbing alcohol.

Diseases

Black ring disease

This causes the black rings on the undersides of the leaves which are caused by a virus. Infected plants are not killed by black ring disease. The only way to stop it from spreading is to get rid of the contaminated leaves. Additionally, avoid planting cuttings with affected leaves to prevent the disease from spreading.

Powdery mildew

This is caused by fungus invasion. Plants infected appear to be scabby and change gray to dusty white in appearance. If the plant is infected, the leaves, buds, and flowers will grow distortedly and eventually die. Premature leaf drop will also happen.

For treatment, use a high-quality fungicide that is specifically created to treat fungus infection.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the benefits of Jade plants?

Need to have more reasons why you should have this kind of houseplant? The benefits of a Jade plant grown indoors are:

  • Indoor Air Quality is Enhanced,
  • Increases the amount of humidity in the home,
  • At night, it absorbs CO2,
  • It can be transformed into a lovely hanging garden indoors, and
  • Gets excellent fortune to your home.

Are coffee grounds good for jade plants?

Yes, Jade plants are among the most frequent coffee drinkers. And watering them with cold-brewed coffee can help them maintain their full dark green color and strengthen their stems. This will keep your Jade plant from shedding its leaves.

Do jade plants like small pots?

Jade plants don’t mind being root-bound in a small pot. But a Jade plant flourishes the most in a pot with a comprehensive, solid base that will hold the plant’s weight as it grows new stems and leaves over time. A ceramic or robust plastic pot is the perfect home for a Jade plant.

Where to buy jade plants?

Got excited to get your Jade plant right now? Get it here from Plantly! We offer plants that are worth buying for without any inconvenience. Message us now!

Whether you want to buy, sell or simply reach out to other plant enthusiasts, Plantly is the right place to be!

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