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Congratulations on choosing the albo monstera as a houseplant. This species is a stunning plant to grow, and one that’s a favorite among plant collectors and plant enthusiasts alike.
Another fantastic thing is that taking care of the Monstera deliciosa ‘Albo Variegata is not tricky. It’s a uber-trendy yet elusive plant.
So, let’s get started to make sure that your variegated monstera lives up to its name.
Variegated Monstera Background
When we look at the monstera genus, we’ll find over 45 plant species. The plant grows huge as an evergreen vine. They climb up trees or cling to trunks with their aerial roots, and you’ll find the leaves split with holes in them.
The splits help increase light exposure to let through more sunlight to the lower leaves, leading to efficient use of light energy. As an indoor plant, it remains small but can grow huge when planted outdoors.
The monstera albo is the variegated version of the Monstera deliciosa. Hence, it came from the natural mutation of the plant when reproduced. Therefore, each leaf is different, and it is like a surprise package until the foliage opens.
You find the leaves in a jade-green with white, while sometimes the foliage is entirely white or has white splotches with patterns or blocks. The foliage could look half-moons with one section green and the other white.
Variegated Monstera Deliciosa Care
There are certain ways how to keep your monstera plant happy. Follow these tips from Plantly and you will keep your giant beauties happy.
Ideal Potting Mix for Monstera Albo
The first and most important thing to know is that your monstera albo and other variegated varieties in the monstera genus are epiphytes.
So, in their native habitat, these plants do not typically grow in soil in the ground. No, they use their aerial roots to cling to trees and get essential nutrients from the air and debris on bigger plants.
If you opt to provide it with soil, it needs to be airy and drain well. This is to mimic the plant’s natural environment. Do this by using a substrate to provide moisture but does not retain so much water. Hence the soil needs to be light.
But when you use a regular potting mix, you will need to add perlite to help with drainage. Still, if you find the water drains too fast, some peat moss can help with water retention to keep it hydrated.
Light to Keep the Monstera deliciosa ‘Albo Variegata’ Glowing
When you look at the white variegation of these tropical plants, the spots do not contribute to the plant’s growth. So, the green parts are working in overdrive.
One thing is for sure this is not your typical low light plant. It needs some bright indirect light to keep the variegated monstera leaves in tip-top condition. As an indoor plant, it can thrive standing near a window.
But when standing at a south-facing window, provide it with sheer curtains as the white variegation will fade in low light but burn in direct sunlight.
Alternatively, you can use artificial lights to help boost the variegation.
Watering Needs of Monstera Albo
The good news is your variegated monstera deliciosa plant is not thirsty greenery. The important thing is to provide it with well-draining soil that is kept moist.
So, on average, you will water your houseplant once a week. Still, it depends on the temperature and humidity as well.
The rule of thumb is to check the soil moisture to dry out between watering. You can expect to water more in the growing season of spring and summer as it is actively growing.
During the winter, the growth slows down, and the houseplant soil needs to dry out. Don’t kill your poor plant with overwatering as it does not enjoy wet feet. Occasionally, you can get away with it, but too much leads to root rot.
The monstera albo is also sensitive to minerals so mind the kind of water that you’re using. Preferably, use distilled or rainwater. But if tap water is all that you can afford, leave it standing overnight before using it on your plant.
Temperature & Humidity
For variegated monsteras, it does well in temperatures between 65°F to 80°F. Yes, it can tolerate lower temperatures at 55°F but will look stressed at that level.
Neither is your plant frost hardy, and it’s best to bring them indoors as temperatures drop. Unfortunately, the only place you can leave your monstera plants outside is USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11.
Hence, if you decide to grow it as an outdoor plant, provide it with a trellis or vertical set up to climb. Or you can hang it in a planter.
The Monstera deliciosa thrives in high humidity. Therefore, provide your plant with at least 60% humidity by grouping it with other tropical houseplants.
You can set it on a pebble tray with water, or better yet, invest in a humidifier, or give the leaves a misting. You will soon see if your plant is not getting enough moisture as the variegated leaves turn brown.
Another great way to keep your plant flourishing is with a moist moss pole.
Fertilizing Your Monstera Albo Variegata
Good thing because monstera albo is not a big feeder. But of course, additional feeding is always welcome. You can give it a 20-20-20 fertilizer once a month in the growing season.
Also, make sure to dilute it to half strength to prevent leaf and root burn. Another great thing to use is slow-release food, and you can apply it across weeks to months instead of all at once.
Thus, your monstera plants get nutrients for optimum growth without it leading to a fertilizer burn.
Repotting Variegated Monstera Albo
You will need to repot your plant every two years, but sometimes it can be earlier. The best is to watch for roots poking through the drainage holes.
Once this happens, you need to move your monstera plants to a bigger container. But if this occurs around fall or winter, we recommend waiting until spring.
Preferably, wait for the right temperature when it is not too hot in the growing season. This will allow your plant to recover faster when transplanted.
With added space, your plant will start growing faster. You can choose a pot about one to two inches for your small plants and up to four inches bigger for mature plants.
If you do not want to have to move your monstera to a larger pot, there are other options available, and great if it has grown too big.
You can place your plant in the same pot but trim its roots and the foliage. Next, refresh the potting mix as the smaller root system adapt quickly.
Or, you can separate your variegated monsteras to get more than one plant. Unfortunately, these plants are expensive to buy. Doing this is a great way to ensure you have more than one in your home.
Propagation of Monstera Albo
With such a beautiful plant, you want to make sure you always have a Monstera deliciosa albo variegata, right. Of course, you do. The best way to have one is to propagate your plant.
You can do this through planting seed, stem cutting, or division. The seed can take long, and using division is better as it helps limit the size mother plant.
But, the best option available is stem cuttings and relatively easy to do by following these steps:
Choose a healthy stem with two to three leaves and about four to six inches long from the mother plant.
Make a clean cut using sterilized pruning shears below the node and include at least one node where a new plant will grow.
Remove the lower leaves to place the section in soil or water.
Leave the cutting to dry and decide if you want to root it in potting soil or water.
We recommend using water as it is faster to root the cutting and see them grow. But it will be an extra step as you still need to transplant it into the soil.
You can place the stem in a jar or glass for water rooting. But keep changing the water daily. You will see new roots forming after six weeks.
Once the roots are an inch long or longer, you can place them in a pot with well-draining soil.
If you decide to plant the cutting in the ground, provide it with soil that drains well. You will notice growth in about a month. You can keep watering your plant and place it in bright indirect light.
A Bonus Propagation Method You Can Try
The above propagation techniques are well-known to ensure you have a variegated monstera available in your house. But we have two more methods you can try:
Using Sphagnum Moss
The method is easy to produce the best roots the fastest. You can use fresh or dried-up moss as both works. The best part is any sphagnum moss will do.
Water the moss well and leave it to soak before placing the cutting in it.
Then, let the water drain from the moss to make it moist and not soaking wet.
Next, place the cutting in the moss in a jar and watch the moisture.
The roots should develop within six weeks.
Propagating in Perlite
The method is new, and as perlite is inorganic and well-draining, it should not develop rot. But once you notice roots forming, you must place the cutting into the soil.
When placing your cutting in perlite, ensure that it is moist but not wet. Next, take a container, fill the area around the cutting with perlite, and press it against the stem.
You will need to place the stem cutting deeper as perlite is light to help it stand upright. Place your cutting in bright indirect light until the roots develop.
You can mist the perlite to keep it moist and transfer it to the soil when the roots develop.
Similar Monstera Albo Plant Varieties
Monstera deliciosa ‘Thai Constellation’
Yes, this plant resembles its name with leaves looking like a splotchy galaxy with variegation of patterns and shades in a creamy white to dark green hue.
The plant resembles the same leaf design as the Thai Constellation, but there is a difference in the variegation. The leaves are pure white with a dark green shade.
Monstera deliciosa ‘Aurea’
This is a rare plant with lime variegation found on the dark green leaves and needs more light to keep it that way.
Monstera Albo Diseases & Pests
As you know, no houseplant goes without becoming pestered by insects or disease. So, here are some common concerns with the variegated plant.
The Leaves Turn Yellow
Yellowing leaves is due to overwatering, or it can be from root rot. The important thing is to leave the soil to dry between watering. Also, make sure the pot has enough drainage holes for the water to drain freely.
The Leaves Are Turning Brown
Browning leaves, especially on the tips, can result from underwatering or lacks moisture. Another cause can be sunburn.
We recommend checking each of these signs starting at the soil. Then, keep the soil moist and place your plant with other plants to raise the humidity.
Also, place your plant in bright light but not direct sunlight to prevent sunburn.
The Leaves Are Losing Its Variegation
If leaves turn all white or green, it helps to cut them off. Doing this encourages new growth to provide it with the variegation. Not providing enough light to your variegated plant can also lose its variegation.
Spider Mite Problem
If the leaves start to die and you notice webbing forming, it is spider mites. Too hot or dry conditions cause these insects to thrive on your plant. You can use an insecticide or make a neem oil spray on the infestation.
Frequently Asked Questions
If you want your albo monstera to grow faster, provide it with a bit more light. Your plant can grow well in bright light but make sure it is not standing in direct sunlight as it can burn the leaves. Also, it will grow taller by providing it with the right amount of water, humidity, and fertilizer.
Yellow leaves result from overwatering, and it can lead to root rot. You can start by letting the soil dry out before watering your plant again.
You can expect to repot your monstera albo every two years. You will need to provide it with a bigger pot size, which helps give them support like a sphagnum moss pole as well to climb.
Your plant will stop growing for several reasons, and you will need to investigate each one. First, your plant might not be getting enough sunlight, and moving it to a place with bright light might help.
Secondly, too little water can also result in your plant not growing, or the roots have become root-bound. Again, repotting your albo monstera in fresh soil and a bigger container will help.
Another thing is that it might lack nutrients, and provide with some fertilizer will help boost growth.
Whether you want to buy, sell or simply reach out to other plant enthusiasts, Plantly is the right place to be!