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The Peperomia caperata Frost is a compact herbaceous plant that fits in well with other Piperaceae collections. You can find over a thousand species from this genus but this one looks divine with its heart-shaped leaves. The leaf coloration is similar to the Watermelon Peperomia with dark green veins colored in frosty white. One thing you will agree with is that this is a tropical beauty.
What Are Peperomia Plants?
The Peperomia genus is a group of tropical plants found in South America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. They are hardy plants with thick leaves making them drought tolerant. If you are a newbie gardener, you will appreciate having the Peperomia Frost in your collection as this one is easy to care for.
It originates mainly from Brazil and is also known as Silver Peperomia because of its color. It fits in well on any window sill and is a relative to the actual black pepper plant.
Peperomia Frost Plant Care
The Peperomia Frost is a flowering perennial epiphyte that grows on the surface of a host such as trees or plants. While the leaves look fleshy, it is not succulent and needs high humidity to survive. So before we get to all the essential Peperomia Frost care basics, check out the short-list here:
Scientific Name: Peperomia caperata Frost
Common Name: Silver frost peperomia, peperomia frost, silver peperomia
Plant Type: Evergreen flowering perennial epiphyte
Native to: Brazil
Shape: Ripple heart-shaped silver frosted leaves with dark green veins
Maximum Size: 6-12 inches tall
Watering Requirements: Moderate allowing the soil to dry in between watering
Light Requirements: Prefers bright indirect light
Preferred Humidity: Moderate to high
Preferred Temperature: 65°F to 75°F (18 to 24oC)
Soil or Potting Medium: Well-drained
Propagation Method: Leaf-cutting
Vulnerability: Bug and fungi
Correct Potting Mix for Peperomia Plants
The fascinating thing about the Peperomia Frost is that it grows in soil-less environments such as trees. You may also find it growing in rock crevices or rotting bark. So the ideal potting soil is a mix of non and organic that is 50/50.
We recommend using a mix of peat/perlite mix. If you’re creative, you may want make your own soil. Just use a combination of coco-chips, sand, and pumice to helps make the ground gritty yet porous. This helps keep the medium well-draining with deep watering.
For organic matter, you can use sterile garden compost, mulch, or organic manure. Using these potting mixes helps provide a moist potting mix keeping the roost humid and warm. Another ingredient we like is crushed bark to provide moisture retention.
Alternatively, you can always buy a store-bought succulent mix and add some perlite to it. A tip is to use a shallow pot with a layer of gravel or pebbles in the bottom.
The Ultimate Lighting Condition
Finding the correct lighting for your Peperomia Frost can be a challenge. The plant prefers medium and low light at all times. Keep it protected from direct sunlight if you want those leaves to remain vibrant and not wilted.
You can also place houseplants in diffused light during the morning. When grown as an outdoor plant, place it under a bigger plant to filter the rays or use some shade cloth.
If you notice your poor plant looking a bit pale then it is time to move it to brighter light. In contrast, burned leave is too much direct sun.
Watering Needs To Prevent Root Rot
Peperomia Frost care is prone to root rot with overwatering, but it can be susceptible to underwatering as well. The key is to keep the soil remain moist but not bone dry. You should know how to strike a balance.
You can let the ground dry out up to 50% before giving it a good watering. When drenching your plant with water, allow it to run freely through the drainage holes. Avoid having your Peperomia plants sit in standing water.
During winter, most tropical plants do not need regular watering. However, if you see the leaves drooping, use some lukewarm water.
Your rainforest resident enjoys a moderate yet warm environment. So the best temperature is between 65-75°F (18-24°C). Still, with the slightest sign of frost, your Peperomia Frost can die so make sure to keep watching. Another concern is the high temperatures that could cause the leaves to dry out. So during winter bring your plant inside to keep it warm. But do not go placing it near the AC, heater, or any drafty places as they stress easily with temperature changes.
Your plant can tolerate average household humidity. While it thrives in damp yet muggy environments, it can endure dryness for a little while. So even if the moisture during winter drops to 50%, it can work for this plant. But to keep those leaves looking great, added humidity helps. To provide moisture, you can use a pebble tray, humidifier or give it a misting. Another crucial thing is ventilation maintaining proper ventilation.
Organic Fertilizer Is The Way To Go
We are not fond of chemical fertilizers for our epiphytes, so it helps to stick to an organic feeding. When repotting, add some rich organic matter to the mix. But if you have a chemical feed, try to triple dilute the solution. So if the ratio is 5ml per gallon, make it three gallons of water. During the growing season, you can use a balanced fertilizer once a month and during winter, stop the feeding.
Propagation of The Peperomia Frost
When June arrives before the growing season, you can use leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, or plantlets to propagate your plant. Then, you can gift your family and friends with these gorgeous small plants.
- Cut a few leaves found along the petiole and make sure your mother plant is bug-free.
- Leave the leaves to callous for a day.
- Prepare a germination tray filled with 50/50 peat and perlite.
- Take the leaves and place them four inches apart in the tray.
- Place the stalk firmly under the soil and insert a hairpin through the leaf into the ground. Doing this helps keep the veins in contact with the potting.
- You can place them under artificial light and mist them once in a while.
- A new plant should grow from the leaf in about four to eight weeks.
While leaf cuttings are the best, you can also try stem cutting for success. But for this method, you need to use a plant that flowers regularly. Choose a basal branch at the thick base. You can cut about three inches of the stem with a couple of leaves on it. Place it to callous for the day. Now, you can stick it in water or place it in moist soil, as mentioned above. Place it in partial shade and it should root within eight weeks.
When your plant shows small pups found at the base you can separate them after they grow bigger. Yet only do the separation when you plan to repot your plant. You can then place them in shallow containers with the correct soil and water to grow.
USDA Growth Zone
When looking at the USDA hardiness zones, you can plant your Peperomia plant in zone 10 to 12. The plant is a great attractive stand-alone houseplant that will brighten up any space.
Potting Your Peperomia Frost
The root system of the Peperomia plant is small and mound-forming. So the plant does not need a lot of substrates. Still, the plant can become a bit root bound when in a small pot as it might go swimming in a bigger one. Further, the roots enjoy being a bit air-exposed so your soil needs to be porous.
When repotting, it helps to take care as the root system can break easily. Yet if it grows slow and dull, you can transplant it with more manure and soil added.
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One thing about your Peperomia Frost is that it is pet-friendly and fits in well with these varieties.
The plant has pointed leaves that are dark green with a silver light-green stripe looking like a watermelon. This variety can grow eight inches tall and works well in tight spaces adding a splash of color.
The variety also has pointed leaves with dark green tops with a silver sheen and deep red bottoms. It can flower when it receives enough light, and the dark color works well in a space with less natural light.
Baby Rubber Plant
The Peperomia obtusifolia has rounded leaves with a gloss and also comes in variegated cultivars. Some of these plants have a marble pattern, while others are white on the edges.
Peperomia Frost Diseases & Pests
As with most houseplants, this one can also be bothered with pests and diseases, as seen here:
- As the plant has fleshy stalks, you find aphids, mealybugs, and scales loving the leaves.
- So always check the underside of the foliage as this is where those naughty bugs start.
- You can give your plant bathing on the day you water them and make sure the leaves dry out.
- Lastly, you can use an organic insecticide like soap or neem oil.
Here are some other common problems:
- Fading dull leaves turning a deep green can be the result of low light. You can move your plant to a bright spot.
- Leaves drooping and falling off are exposure to chilly drafts and if it is standing outside, rather bring it indoors. Also, check for root rot at the base as it looks soggy or dislodged. If it has this problem you can try to propagate it.
- Brown spotted leaves can be a fungal infection due to wetness on the leaf. Remove the affected leaves and water your plant at the base.
- Burnt leaf edges are too much sun, or it can be chemical salts in the water.
- Yellowing leaves are a sign that your plant needs more nutrients, and using a fertilizer can help.
Frequently Asked Questions
Your Peperomia Frost might be exposed to cold drafts causing the leaves to droop. Another notable thing is root rot from overwatering. So check for soggy soil and dislodging of the roots at the base. The only cure is to remove the rotted stems and save the healthy ones for planting in fresh soil.
There are two reasons this can happen. The first is overwatering, while the other one is underwatering. So to get your water schedule right, leave the soil to dry out in between watering but not bone dry.
Underwatering your frost peperomia can cause the leaves to curl. When you leave the soil to dry out too long, it removes the moisture the leaves need to thrive.
You can find peperomia frost in local nurseries or online. Yet, you need not look far as Planty has this gorgeous plant available for you to buy.
Nope! 🙂 They’re also considered non-toxic to dogs and cats, according to the ASPCA.
Whether you want to buy, sell or simply reach out to other plant enthusiasts, Plantly is the right place to be!