Have you ever come across this lovely variegated plant and wondered how you maintain such an ensemble of unique foliage? Well, you’ve come to the right place.
With their arrow-shaped leaves marbled with green to off-white markings, and their climbing growth habit, Syngonium Albo can certainly transform dull corners of your home and garden.
What is Syngonium podophyllum ‘Albo-Variegatum’?
The Syngonium podophyllum ‘albo-variegatum’, commonly known as the Variegated Arrowhead Vine, hails from the Araceae family which has around 20 to 30 species found in the tropical and subtropical regions in Central and South America.
The plant is also grown widely across Mexico and Brazil and is highly coveted because of its gorgeous variegation and reputation as a fast-growing climber.
The Syngonium Albo Variegatum has unwavering popularity among growers. It is no doubt that they make an excellent houseplant being not only attractive but also easy to grow.
Syngonium Albo Variegatum Care
Looking for the perfect guide on how to properly take good care of your arrowhead vine? Sit with us here in Plantly for a little while and we’ll talk about just that!
Ideal Potting Mix for Syngonium Albo Variegatum
A fertile mix incorporated with sufficient organic matter and coco coir or perlite (10 or 20% perlite) may do wonders for your arrowhead plant. This can make the soil a bit lighter in texture and much less chance of flooded conditions prevailing – which may cause root rot.
A chunky and well-draining potting mix that is slightly acidic favors optimum growth of a Syngonium plant. Ideally, young plants are planted from early spring to late spring and would thrive better in small pots to medium-sized pots.
However, if growth appears to have slowed down and you wish to increase their size, you may opt to have the plant repotted to a much bigger container.
Lighting Needs of Syngonium Albo Variegatum
Syngonium is an outdoor plant that relies on bigger plants or trees for shade. Given their natural habitat, which is usually around forest floors, Variegated Syngonium plants are used to receiving dappled light. Note that too much direct sunlight can cause the leaves to scorch and have a white-bleached appearance.
With that in mind, it’s important to pick a spot with just the right balance of bright and shade conditions. Plus this encourages more variegation and vibrant foliages. Some Syngonium would even turn pink! Particularly with exposure to less amount of light.
Ideally, you should water your Arrowhead plant once the top inch of the soil surface feels dry to the touch. A moist soil but not too soggy is what you’re after. Plus with regular watering, the plant tends to grow quickly.
During the spring and summer, it is best to have your arrowhead vine dry out partially in between watering cycles but should never be left to dehydrate completely, as this can result in yellow leaves. Meanwhile, at the onset of winter, watering is subsequently reduced.
Temperature & Humidity
While it’s correct to assume that variegated Syngonium would prefer a warm spot and a high humidity level, an average room temperature ( if treated as an indoor plant ) would work just fine.
Try to maintain an even temperature between 60°F and 80°F (15°C – 26°C). Not letting the room temperature drop below 60°F ensures faster and optimum growth. However, it’s important to note that a warmer temperature would require you to water your plants more often.
A humidity of at least 50 – 60% mimics the kind of environment your Syngonium is used to. Misting twice weekly, setting up of pebble tray, and a room humidifier, are some of the ways to improve humid levels inside your home.
Fertilizing Syngonium Albo Variegatum
Syngonium Albo are not heavy feeders, hence fertilizer use is usually done in moderation. Once the vine starts growing, a water-based, all-purpose fertilizer diluted by half may be given every four weeks after watering.
Or, you can just make use of the usual fertilizer that you give your other houseplants, just to provide your Syngonium with the mineral and nutrient boost it needs, especially after repotting.
Propagation of Syngonium Albo
The use of stem/apical cuttings is the most efficient method for the propagation of your arrowhead vine. You can easily do this by cutting sections from apical shoots of the original plant, at least 3-4 inches close to the roots. Choose sections having at least one or two leaves.
Put your cuttings in the water and wait for the roots to develop which may only take a few weeks. You may also make use of rooting hormones to ensure faster root growth.
Once the roots have formed and some new leaves appear to be stable, you may transfer your Syngonium to a small pot and place it in a room with medium to bright light.
Syngonium Albo Variegatum Similar Plants and Other Varieties
Syngonium species are no doubt subject to the interest of plant breeders given their aesthetic value as ornamental plants. For years, miniature and dwarf varieties having exceptionally lush cascading foliage are developed and introduced to the market.
Below are some of the most common Syngonium varieties that you may also find interesting.
Syngonium podophyllum angustatum
Syngonium Podophyllum angustatum is a prolific breed known for its green stems (when young) and big blades attached to long, arcing petioles. The blade has several leaflets which have an elongated shape.
The flowers are relatively small (7-14 cm long) and the clusters are borne in groups of 4-7 in the upper leaf forks.
Syngonium Albo Variegata ‘Imperial White’
The Syngonium Imperial White, as the name implies, is a white-leaved variety. The stunning variegation is made up of contrasting deep green leaves and white patches.
This is perhaps one of the rarest types of arrowhead plants that you can find in the market. They grow well under lots of bright, indirect sunlight and fairly humid conditions.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Allusion’
The Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Allusion’ is a compact variety and features shiny light green leaves with dark green edges and blushing pink veins. Similar to most Syngonium varieties, they would grow favorably in moist potting mix in a spot not receiving direct sunlight or in dappled shade.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘neon robusta’
Another cultivar that flaunts rosy-pink foliage is the neon robusta which is undeniably a spectacular specimen to behold. The new growth has more heart-shaped ovate leaves, while the older ones become over-arrow-shaped.
And while this cultivar of arrowhead vine may appear intimidating, it is actually hard to kill and has a high tolerance for moisture in the air.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Holly’
A versatile houseplant, Syngonium podophyllum ‘Holly’, has light green to almost-white variegated leaves with green veins and edges. And as with a typical arrowhead vine, it has a tendency to creep quietly at any corner.
Note that all parts of the plant are poisonous so be careful not to place them on a spot too low that they may be easily chewed on by your pets.
Syngonium Albo Variegatum Diseases and Pests
Overwatering is an issue when it comes to either stem or root rotting. Hence, it is highly recommended to do a dryness test in the soil first before watering. Apparently, Syngonium can bounce back easier when faced with drought stress, but not with overwatering, which certainly has irreversible consequences to plant growth.
Meanwhile, the most common Syngonium pests include spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. But with proper care and management, pests rarely become a threat.
Frequently Asked Questions
For most Syngonium plants, repotting are usually done every other year as they have a tendency to become rootbound.
Begin by removing the plant gently from its current container. Get rid of any dirt that clings into the root and untangle if needed. Fill the new larger pot with your soil mix halfway through the top, transfer the plant, and fill the pot completely.
Transferring to a larger pot encourages faster and much healthier growth.
The best thing about an arrowhead vine is that can either let the trailing vines grow down as they would in a hanging basket, or prune the plant and encourage bushy new growth.
Do this by pinching the tops of the shoot above 6-7 leaves to form the crown from your newly rooted Syngonium. Be sure to wear gloves as the plant produces milky sap that can cause skin irritation. Trim back the leafy stems and reduce the length of overly long shoots. Retain the aerial roots of your syngonium and remove the green and woody shoots.
Indoor Syngoniums is a fast-growing plant species that can grow up to 3-6 ft. tall (0.9 – 1.8 m) and spans at about 2 ft. (60 cm).