Monstera Epipremnoides Plant Care

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Escape to a tropical paradise with the Monstera Epipremnoides plant in your home.

You can turn your living space into a haven added to your other houseplant collection with the exotic plant. The foliage is one of nature’s most precious gifts to create a green wonderland you can call home. Today we are going to help you take care of this mysterious plant.

Say Hello to the Monstera Epipremnoides?

 Monstera Epipremnoides: A Complete Guide

As it is also known, the Monstera Esqueleto or Swiss Cheese plant is endemic to Costa Rica. The flowering plant is a perennial and a member of the Araceae family. When you have one of these plants in your home, you have one of the most versatile ones available in the New World Tropics.

When looking at the Monstera Epipremnoides vs. Adansonli, the former is the bigger brother with bigger leaf size and just as holey looking like a piece of Swiss cheese. The plant is an evergreen with distinctive aroids in the inflorescence called the spandex covered with a spathe.

You can mix it with your other philodendrons as it resembles the same foliage color.

Monstera Epipremnoides Classification

BOTANICAL NAMEMonstera Epipremnoides 
COMMON NAMESwiss Cheese Plant
PLANT TYPEPerennial
BLOOM TYPESpring
LEAF COLOREvergreen
MATURE SIZE10 Feet Inside and 30 Feet Outside
NATIVE AREASCosta Rica
SUN EXPOSUREIndirect Light
SOIL TYPEMoist with Good Drainage
SOIL pHNeutral
TOXICITYPets

Monstera Epipremnoides Care Basics

You are interested in getting this extraordinary yet trendy, unusual-looking plant. But how do you care for it? The first thing you need to decide is where you plan to plant it as it has big leaves. When fully matured, it has a particular flower. Here you can find everything you need to know about this exotic plant to make sure it remains healthy.

 Monstera Epipremnoides Soil Requirement

One thing the Swiss Cheese plant doesn’t tolerate is soggy soil and needs to be well-drained. Leaving it soggy leads to root rot fast, and an excellent aroid soil mix you can use:

  • Coco Coir
  • Perlite
  • Pine Bark
  • Pumice
  • Sphagnum Moss
  • Clay Pebbles

You can use twice as much of the pine bark as it is chunky to aerate the soil and the soil consists of a high organic matter.

Monstera Epipremnoides Water Requirements

You only need to water the Monstera Esqueleto once a week but only make it slightly damp and, if very wet, extend the watering time. Also, make sure the water drains out through the soil mixture. If the water comes out of the pot, it is a good indicator of enough drainage.

Monstera Epipremnoides Lighting Requirement

As it grows in dense forests, it prefers indirect light and only gets dappled with sunlight in nature. Never grow it in direct sunlight but make sure it receives up to six hours of sun but not more as it can burn the leaves. For planting inside the home, it’s best placed at an east-facing window to get direct light in the morning.

Monstera Epipremnoides Humidity and Temperature Requirement

Woman next to a Monstera Plant

The good news is that you plant the Monstera Epipremnoides plant outside with temperatures between 55°F – 80°F (13°C – 27°C.) You can grow them in mild to cold climates but is found on higher elevations. For the plant a high humidity is crucial. When displaying your plant in the home, a humidifier or a pebble tray below the pot can help. Alternatively, you can place a lot of other houseplants together with it.  

Monstera Epipremnoides Fertilizer Requirement

Another thing that you will love is that the plant only needs frequent fertilizing, but it needs to be high-quality food. The fertilizer must not have a high salt content as it damages the root causing the plant to die. You can feed the Swiss Cheese plant three times a year or skip it entirely if you want it to grow at its own pace. 

We suggest using a slow-release granular fertilizer. If you decide to use a liquid one, always pay attention to the balanced N-P-K. The plant thrives on magnesium, so choose one that has a good level of Mg. Before fertilizing your plant, give it some water to help make the absorption easier.

Monstera Epipremnoides Plant Propagation

The best time to propagate a Monstera Epipremnoides is in spring, as it grows more actively at this time. The same applies to cuttings. When doing this, you need to cut your plant carefully, including the node. 

The reason is that the nub later becomes the aerial root helping it to establish itself in the ground. Choose a stem with at least three leaves to help set a new plant. There are also four main ways to achieve this. The first is root cutting and placing it in clean water, preferably distilled.  

  • The first option you need is a cutting with the node placed in clean water, preferably distilled.
  • The second option is to use sphagnum moss to help root the cutting and make sure it is slightly wet with water.  You can do this by soaking it in water and pressing it out a couple of times. Also, make sure it stays somewhat moist for a couple of days.
  • The third method is placing the cutting into moist soil. After a couple of weeks, you can gently remove the cutting to see if the roots have grown.
  • The last technique is placing the rooted cutting into perlite, a volcanic substance containing no pathogens and pH neutral.

Monstera Epipremnoides Growth Zone

USDA Plant Growth Zones

Photo Credit: USDA Agricultural Research Service

When planting the Swiss Cheese plant, the best place is to grow it in zones 9b-11.

A frost-free and tropical environment are highly appreciated by Epipremnoides Monstera. They can also thrive indoors with moderate light average humidity. They can grow up to 6-8 feet tall and 1-3 feet wide when mature. Just like any other tropical houseplants, they prefer moist soil, no overwatering, indirect sunlight, and regular pruning when needed. 

Potting and Repotting

Whether you’re planting your Monstera Esqueleto or re-potting it, you need to find a perfect container. If you need to re-plant your plant as it has outgrown the pot, it helps to find one that is bigger. You need to buy one three times its size and choose the next size to give your plant a comfortable home to grow.

The important thing is to buy one with enough drainage holes to prevent root rot. Transplanting usually takes place every three years and depends on how fast it grows.

Furthermore, make sure to do this in spring or summer by following its natural cycle. Moreover, make sure to water it well the day before to soften the soil. Once planted, water it well and leave it for a couple of days to settle in.

Another essential thing is never to fertilize it and leave it for up to 15 days before taking this step.

Monstera Epipremnoides Varieties and Similar Plant

You can find different varieties in the Monstera Epipremnoides family if you want to add them to your houseplant collection.

Monstera Obliqua

This is a smaller species and grows on any wood substrate and has an oblique leaf base with a shape ranging from narrow to ovate.

Monstera Deliciosa

Is a widely cultivated species for ornamental display. It has dark leaves with a slow growth rate. You can grow it indoors or in the garden, or on the patio.

Adansons Monstera

Also known as the Monstera Adansonii, is another Swiss Cheese Plant. The Monstera Epipremnoides vs. Adansonii has large heart-shaped leaves with holes and is just as easy to grow. It can grow up to 60 feet and needs support to climb. 

Furthermore, it has smooth, bright green leaves compared to the Monstera Epipremnoides with a leathery texture. Moreover, the Epipremnoides have holes starting from the middle extending to the edge. While the Adansons leaves have fewer and smaller holes.

Monstera Lechleriana

This has long greeneries sticking out and is a terrestrial creeper. It is another native plant to Costa Rica with a tight cluster of leaves.

Monstera Epipremnoides Diseases & Pests

When you have this plant in your home, you will find it very tolerant of diseases and pests. Some typical problems are:

The leaves are turning yellow and dry and caused by too much sunlight. You can clip the dead leaves and move them to a shadier area. Another reason could be soggy soil, and best to leave it to dry out before watering again.

Another problem is brown edges on the leaves and means the plant is dying. The air could be too dry inside your living space as it prefers humid conditions. Another concern is that the plant is too dry and best to check the soil.

Rotting roots will have a white substance around them and means you are overwatering your plant. You can trim the unhealthy root and let the plant dry to salvage what you can. If it is beyond repair, you can cut one of the nodes to propagate a new one.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can You Make Monstera Variegated?

Variegation is rare, and the chance of producing variegations is about 1:100’0. Therefore, to get a variegated Monstera plant you will need to make 100k cutting to create a new plant.

How Do You Identify Monstera Epipremnoides?

The difference is the color, perforation, and size of the leaf. The plant has bigger leaves with a light green shade and leathery texture. At the same time, the perforation starts midrib reaching the entire edge of the foliage.

Is Monstera Epipremnoides The Same as the Swiss Cheese Plant?

The plant genus is Monstera, but several species are in the category familiarized as Swiss Cheese Plant. You can find it in the Monstera Epipremnoides and Deliciosa, as the leaves have holes similar to the cheese

Where to Buy Monstera Epipremnoides?

The Monstera Epipremnoides can be bought to any local garden shops or nursery. If you want quality houseplant and hassle free delivery, you can get it from Plantly. We’ll surely provide you excellent service and care tips guides too.

Whether you want to buy, sell or simply reach out to other plant enthusiasts, Plantly is the right place to be!

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