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Palms are classic indoor plants for achieving a tropical look. The long fronds producing lush green foliage are perfect for bringing out a fresh and jungle-like vibe indoors. Most palm species are adaptable and forgiving of indoor growing conditions.
Hence, they make a great candidate for newbie gardeners who seek low-maintenance houseplants.
There are a lot of palm species. To give you an idea of what palm plant to add to your collection, we’re giving you an interesting list of 12 indoor palm plants.
12 Best Indoor Palms
Perhaps you’ve heard some gardeners talk about bamboo palm, golden cane palm, or yellow palm. All of these refer to the famous areca palm (Dypsis lutescens) of Madagascar. It’s among the most sought-after species of palm trees indoors, especially in temperate zones.
Areca palm boasts a beautiful appearance where the leaves grow ascending and curve at the apex. The petioles are either yellow or orange-tinged, and the stems are clustered and slender. Areca palm grows an average height of eight feet indoors.
It can tolerate low light conditions, making it a perfect match for those plant owners who like low-maintenance houseplants.
One look at the ponytail palm, and you’ll know exactly why it’s called such. It has a stout and bulbous trunk crowned with lush and curly leaves. It’s as if this plant has a hairstyle of its own. Its unique appearance makes it a desirable plant for an indoor living space.
However, there’s a catch! A ponytail palm isn’t exactly a true palm. Instead, it’s a form of a succulent plant under the Agave family, scientifically known as Beaucarnea recurvata. Just like with most succulent species, ponytail palm is also drought tolerant.
Thanks to its thick trunk that serves as its water reservoir.
To avoid the perils of root rot, it’s best to plant a ponytail palm in well-draining soil. Bright indirect light is also most preferred.
There are many ways to call a parlor palm, including Parlour tabletop Palm, Neanthe Bella Palm, and Bella Palm. This species is native to Mexico and Central America but is adaptable to various growing conditions.
Its size is relatively small, reaching about 4 feet tall in an indoor space. Parlor palms are also slow growers. Hence, it works well in tight spaces. You can also make it a tabletop centerpiece.
The overall appearance of the parlor palm looks like that of bamboo, which will surely bring a tropical vibe.
Another member of the succulent group is the yucca palm. It has a central sturdy trunk with leaves growing on top or bunches off the side. Although commonly called a palm, yucca isn’t technically a palm.
It just so happened that their appearance is similar to most palm trees, that’s why.
The most common yucca palm grown indoors is the Yucca elephantipes. It grows up to 10 feet tall when taken as an indoor plant.
Lady palm (Rhapis excelsa) is another well-known indoor palm plant that’s shade-tolerant and slow growing. The foliage is glossy green and fan-shaped, which extends from tall stalks or stems. Known for its classic beauty, lady palm certainly adds an oriental appeal indoors and outdoors.
The average height of lady palm, when tended indoors, is about six feet tall. You can limit its size by potting it in a smaller container.
Having long, dark green fronds is the major asset of the Majesty palm or majestic palm. It’s also a native of Madagascar and goes by the scientific name Ravenea rivularis. While it’s popular as one of the indoor palm plants, it grows pretty tall in its natural habitat, reaching an average mature size of 100 feet tall.
This species, however, is a challenging one. You need to strike the right balance in terms of providing light, temperature, and fertilizer.
The Cascade palm is also known as the cat palm. It’s one of those low-growing palm plants that you can grow indoors. Thanks to its relatively small size that it can fit in tight spaces. Its average height is three feet tall.
It has dark green leaves that are glossy on the surface. And they grow on several thin shoots, making the entire palm plant look dense. It requires high maintenance in terms of humidity because cascade palm is native to the jungles of Central America.
A native of Southern China, the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii) is a common favorite element in many landscapes. This palm tree grows on one single trunk reaching an average height of 10 feet.
In appearance, the trunk of a pygmy date palm is covered by old leaf scars. From afar, it looks like it has thorns. It has feathery fronds that are bright green in color. The base of the petioles has sharp spines that can possibly hurt you.
So, handle the leaves of pygmy date palms extra carefully, especially during pruning.
Having tolerance for harsh conditions such as low light and drought, the kentia palm (Howea forsteriana) is definitely built to be grown indoors. While it is a slow-growing palm tree, it can grow up to 40 feet in height when planted outdoors. But you can always treat it as an indoor palm tree.
Kentia palm has feathery fronds and green leaves. The fronds grow from a single trunk. It makes a great focal point indoors.
The Sentry palm (Howea belmoreana) is a cousin of the Kentia palm. Hence, they have some similarities. It’s otherwise known as curly palm. A classic palm plant, this species is one of the favorites of Queen Victoria more than a hundred years ago.
Its fronds are broad and look like that of a coconut palm.
This palm plant, however, is much slow-growing than the others. It’s also less popular than the other palms, which is ironic because it’s a tough plant overall. Thus, it requires less maintenance and care.
European fan palm (Chamderops humilis) can be single or multi-trunked. It grows suckers from the base and looks like a rounded shrub or small tree once mature. It grows up to 15 feet tall and is crowned by large, fine-textured, and fan-shaped leaves.
The good thing about fan palm is that it’s very hardy. It’s drought tolerant once established. The huge and palmate-compound leaves of the European fan palm are ornamentally attractive.
Technically, the sago palm is not a true palm tree. It belongs to the Cycadaceae family and is called a cycad, scientific name Cycas revoluta. Other common names include King sago and Japanese sago palm.
However, its appearance resembles that of palm trees.
Sago palm has long blue-green fronds that grow from a unique trunk. It makes a good accent plant in a landscape because it’s low growing, reaching only 8 feet high. It’s also fairly low-maintenance.
Indoor Palm General Care Tips
Indoor palms need to be planted in a porous and well-draining mixture like sandy loam. A general-purpose potting mix will do, but you can add more peat moss for better water retention. While it’s important to keep the soil moist, it’s also equally important that it isn’t waterlogged.
Different species of palm plants will require other light conditions. There are those who like direct sunlight and full sun, while there are some who love partial shade and indirect sunlight. Some palm trees can tolerate low light, too.
Finding a spot with bright, indirect light is the key to keeping your palm plants thriving indoors. This way, they receive ample exposure to light without the risk of sunburn or etiolation.
Young palm trees need regular watering. During this time, they’re developing an extensive root system, so deep watering is a must. Regular and consistent moisture in the soil helps with its growth.
Once mature, they need less watering. Make sure that the soil is also well-draining to prevent waterlogging.
Temperature & Humidity
Most palm plants cannot withstand temperatures lower than 50°F (10°C). Remember, these species are tropical and subtropical in nature. Hence, they’re perfect for indoor setups because it’s extra warm inside than outside.
Kentia palm and parlor palm is just among the cold-hardy species.
Palms are susceptible to potassium deficiency. So, it’s crucial to add fertilizer, especially for potted indoor palm trees. They have limited access to nutrients because of the lesser amount of soil they have.
Add fertilizer formulated for palm plants and apply it during the growing season.
The golden rule for pruning palm trees is to never over-prune them. Once you over-prune the fronds, there’s the tendency that your palm will lose vigor. This is because they tend to draw nutrients from the mature fronds.
Hence, keeping them is important until they’re depleted, old, and brown.
Division and offshoot propagation are the fastest methods to multiply palm plants. Asexual propagation is much preferred over sexual propagation because using seeds is inefficient. Seeds take an average of 100 days to germinate.
On top of that, the germination rate is usually low, only 20%.
To do away with that, gardeners look for the offshoots and cut them off with some roots on. That way, you can plant the offshoot separately as an individual plant.
Indoor Palm Common Diseases and Pests
One serious disease of palm plants is fusarium wilt. The fungus Fusarium oxysporum is the culprit behind this. They spread through infected soil and pruning shears. And once they get through the palm’s system, they don’t usually produce visible symptoms unless the plant is heavily infected.
Ganoderma Butt Rot
Ganoderma butt rot is a fungal infection that may cause wilting or loss of vigor, resulting in palm plants’ death. This is caused by the fungus Ganoderma zonatum. The visible symptom of this disease is the appearance of a hard, shell-like conk structure at the base of the palm trunk.
Leaf Spot Diseases
Leaf spot diseases are among the common problems of palms. Different types of fungi also cause them. They usually appear when the foliage is consistently moist. Leaf spot diseases decrease the ornamental value of indoor palm plants and affect their overall health.
Spider Mites, Mealybugs, and Whiteflies
These three are common among houseplants, and they can also infest your indoor palm plants. They’re sap-sucking pests that will appear on the surface and undersides of the foliage. You can normally treat them with horticultural oils.
Different indoor palm plants are out there for you to choose from. Each has its beauty and value coupled with the growing requirement to make it thrive. Luckily, most of these palm species can easily adapt to an indoor living setup.
So you can choose the one that will make your space look more natural and tropical.
It’s time to check out a new palm plant here at Plantly.