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Who said you cannot grow this beauty in your home? You can if you opt to invest your time in the Anthurium andraeanum. It is a beautiful plant when it blooms and belongs to the Arum family.
The blooms are waxy and palette-shaped with bright red spathes and dark green foliage. Today we are going to help you take care of your Anthurium plant.
What is the Anthurium Plant?
The flowering plant goes by many names from the flamingo flower, tailflower to the painter’s palette. The Anthurium andraeanum has a slender cluster of blooms. You find them in South America in Columbia and Ecuador.
The good news is Anthurium plants grow well indoors making for a great houseplant to have.
Anthurium andraeanum Care
Now, that you know where the foliage comes from let’s look at some of the basic care needs for this gorgeous plant:
Botanical Name: Anthurium andraeanum
Common Name: Flamino flower, painter’s palette, tailflower
Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
Native to: Columbia and Ecuador
Leaf and Flower: Evergreen with yellow spadix with red spathe
Maximum Size: 1.5 ft. tall
Watering Requirements: Medium
Light Requirements: Partial
Preferred Humidity: High
Preferred Temperature: 77°F-89°F (25°C to 32°C)
Soil or Potting Medium: High organic soil matter
Fertilizer: Diluted fertilizer
Propagation Method: Seed germination, division, cuttings
Toxicity: Toxic to humans and pets
Vulnerable to: Under and overwatering
Now that you have seen the short and sweat basic care of the tailflower, we have more detailed information on each section following here.
What Potting Mix Should You Use
When it comes to considering soil for Anthurium care, different potting mixes high in organic matter. will do. Yet, it also needs enough drainage for the water to escape to prevent root rot from happening. The best care Anthurium can get is soil made for epiphytes.
They are usually rich and porous. The soil can be a mix of coarse sand and perlite as it helps drain water fast. You can use the orchid mix as well.
How to Water Your Anthuriums
When you have a plant that tends to bloom indoors, you can expect that it needs more water. But, in the case of flamingo lily only, medium levels of water are already enough. While this sounds easy enough, you need to consider several factors.
If you live in a warm area, you need to water your houseplant frequently. Water the anthurium enough to saturate the roots without drowning them. Watering twice a week is normally enough.
Still, there are a few tricks as you this watering schedule can change from time to time. Watering the top of the foliage could invite a disease called blight. So instead of watering your plant from the top, it is best to water it at the base.
What light conditions work best
to harvest those lackluster flowers, your anthurium plant needs enough light. Place your house plant in a room with bright indirect light. Do not place them under direct sunlight especially during scorching heat as it may burn the leaves.
Temperature and Humidity Needs
It is no surprise that Anthurium flowers enjoy temperatures in the daytime between 77°F-89°F (25°C to 32°C) as it comes from the tropics. For evenings, however, the temperatures need to be around 69°F-75°F (21°C to 24°C). Any temperature below this can result in poor growth for your plant causing leaf damage.
Another crucial need for your plant is humidity ranging between 70-80%. If you grow your Anthurium flowers inside you may need to water it often to provide the right amount of moisture. If humidity is lacking, occasional misting would be necessary.
When looking at Anthurium care for feeding, remember that it does not need regular fertilization. If you want the blooms to be vibrant, feeding every four months. If using fertilizer, dilute it to a quarter strength.
It is best not to use a fertilizer rich in phosphorus as it can harm your plant. The signs are similar to underwatering as the salts make the leaves and stem dry and look withered. The best time to feed your Anthurium plants is in the growing season in spring and summer.
Anthurium Andraeanum Propagation
For many gardeners, propagation is a daunting task. But the good news is that it is simple with the Anthurium plant. The preferred methods used are stem cuttings and division.
- Start by choosing a plant you want to duplicate.
- Find a stem that is six inches in length with two leaves attached.
- Take a sterilized pruning shear and make an incision and place the cutting into a small pot with enough drainage holes.
- Place the cutting up to three inches deep into the soil and cover with the ground leaving the nodes at the top.
- Saturate the soil with water and add moisture every other day to keep the top potting mix wet not to dry out.
- Place in a spot with high levels of humidity in indirect sunlight.
You can expect to see roots forming in six weeks’ time and can slow down with the watering.
As with the previous steps choose a plant you want to multiply. Remove your plant from the pot to expose the roots. Use a clean sharp knife to separate the roots leaving you with two sections. Shake off the excess soil from the roots and place it into new pots with fresh soil. Water it well and move it into an area with partial light and keep watering it as needed.
USDA Growth Zone
You can grow your Anthurium andraeanum plant in the environments of your home if you live in the USDA hardiness zones ten and above. If grown outside remember the plant is very sensitive to cold and you need to take this into consideration.
Potting Anthurium Plant
You need to repot the Anthurium plant every two to three years. The foliage takes some time to become root-bound and needs to be done carefully. So when your plant starts to outgrow its pot you can remove it and trim away the wilted flowers and leaves.
Place your Anthurium flower in a larger pot about one to two inches larger in diameter. Fill the vessel with aerated soil and water them three times the normal amount until new growth appears. Always remember to drain the excess water to prevent your plant from sitting in it.
Then return to watering your normal watering schedule.
Anthurium Andraeanum Varieties
In the species, you can find thousands of Anthurium plants of the Araceae family known as aroids. Here are some of the other favorites found.
The species is very popular and looks like your Andraeanum with one difference it has a curly spadix. The leaves are elongated with a lance shape and taper to a narrow point. You can find the plant with purple cream, pink, red, orange, or green blooms.
Tulip Anthuriums is a smaller compact plant that looks excellent indoors. The foliage is hardy and caring for them is a breeze. You can find them in other varieties such as the White Lady, Lumina, and Lilli.
The following Anthurium plant is exotic and great species to start with. The plant has round textured green leaves with toned undersides and long. It has an upright growth pattern while the foliage comes forth prehistoric.
Anthurium Andraeanum Diseases & Pests
While the Anthurium plant is easy to take care of they do fall prey to some issues. Here are some of the problems you can face with your Anthurium flowers.
Curling Leaf Tips
The cause can be the lack of water and the best remedy is to provide your Anthurium flowers with regular watering. You can start by saturating them well and gradually work your way down to find a balance.
Brown Spots on the Leaves
Noticing brown spots on the leaves can be too much direct sunlight, or it needs more nutrients. To find out the cause, first, move your Anthurium plants to a place with less light. If that does not solve the problem, then we recommend using a diluted fertilizer.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the Anthurium Andraeanum plant benefits?
One significant benefit of having Anthurium plants in your home, according to NASA, is it removes toxins from the air. For example, it helps to remove ammonia, formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene.
How do I get more flowers in Anthurium?
When it comes to Anthurium care, it is very picky about its environment. Your exotic plant needs well-draining soil with sufficient light to bloom. When you provide your Anthurium with enough indirect sunlight and a proper watering schedule with high humidity, your plant should start to flower.
You can provide them with a diluted fertilizer feeding weekly in the growing season.
How do I care for my Anthurium if it has brown leaves?
If your Anthurium has brown leaves, it might have a nutrient deficiency. Many gardeners use a diluted liquid fertilizer for a couple of weeks if the leaves are brown.
Where can you buy Anthurium Andraeanum?
To find this exotic plant, you can visit your local nursery or search online. But there is no need to do that as Plantly can help out. You can find the Anthurium flower and many other exotic plants right here.